The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the First Faculty of Medicine and General Teaching Hospital in Prague is located in the historical building of the former Maternity Hospital in Apolinářská Street. The basic tasks of this department include therapeutic, pedagogical and scientific-research work. The clinic has three main parts - gynecological, obstetric and neonatological. Employees of the General Teaching Hospital and the First Faculty of Medicine are working here. The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology is one of the largest facilities of its kind in the Czech Republic and Europe and is one of the largest in the VFN in Prague.
With its diagnostic and therapeutic activities, the clinic covers all subspecializations of gynecology, obstetrics and neonatology. Key operations are perinatology and fetal medicine, along with neonatology, a center for assisted reproduction, endoscopy, oncogynecology, and urogynecology.
The gynecological part focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors of the reproductive system and breast, diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence and reconstruction of the pelvic floor, diagnostic and surgical laparoscopy and hysteroscopy, surgical treatment of myomas, endometriosis. Furthermore, the clinic deals with problems of marital infertility including IVF, endocrinopathies, disorders in the climacterium. The gynecological part uses the Center of Fetal Medicine for diagnosis, the ultrasound diagnosis of malignant pelvic tumors is unique.
The obstetric part deals with the issue of risky and pathological pregnancy, provides super-conscious care in pregnant women with diabetes, cardiopathies, Rh incompatibility, myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis and other pathologies in pregnancy. Pregnant women with early premature births are transported here (transport in utero). The clinic is a super-consensus center for fetal medicine, performs non-invasive and invasive prenatal diagnosis and fetal therapy throughout the discipline, is a super-conscious and reference center for ultrasound diagnosis in fetuses.
The neonatological part of the clinic provides complete care for newborns and is a super-conscious center for newborn infants, especially in the lowest weight categories. With its capacity and scope of care it is one of the largest in the Czech Republic. The workplace provides the highest level of care for the newborn. Newborns of very low birth weight (ph <1500g) from the Prague and Central Bohemia region and newborns with extremely low birth weight (ph <1000g) from the whole Czech Republic, as well as newborns with severe haemolytic diseases based on Rh isoimmunization, hydropic fruits, are concentrated here. neonates with fluidothorax, the most severe levels of intrauterine growth retardation, newborn mothers after transplantation of organs and mothers with drug abuse. The Center of Unconventional Pulmonary Ventilation of Neonates addresses severe cases of respiratory failure in newborns from across the country. The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and retinopathy of immature has fallen to values that are rarely achieved in world centers.